16 Apr Concept Teaching
Purpose of the Learning Technique
Concept teaching helps students learn tasks and develop higher order thinking skills (skills that go beyond recall and comprehension; including the ability to apply, analyze information and evaluate complex information). Concepts are the basis of knowledge. It increases theoretical understanding and makes social communication easier. Concept teaching helps students learn to classify notions, recognize different members of different categories and define and label specific concepts. (Hacker, Dunlosky, Graesser,1998)
Concept teaching originates from cognitive theorists such as Jean Piaget and Jerome Bruner. They stressed that thinking involves conceptual structures and argued that in order for learners to form concepts, it requires students to break down a task into several components and then address each subcomponent individually. For students to learn the concepts, it is necessary for them to distinguish the characteristics of the category. Furthermore, examples and non-examples are used to assist students build new concepts. For instance, an apple is a fruit but a book is not. (Robson, 2006).
· Teacher explains the purposes of the lesson
· Teacher highlights the significance of the concepts
· Teacher prepares students for learning activities
· Teacher shows a demonstration of examples and non-examples of the concept
· Teacher asks students to explore the concept
· Teacher asks the students to analyze their thinking pattern, strategies, and decisions in order to develop more effective thinking skills.
· Teacher helps students make connections and combine new concepts with existing knowledge